Homa /Shanthi is a Sanskrit word that refers to a ritual HOMA or Homam is called as “sacrifice ritual“.
The rituals carved out as part of Shanti are also referred to Ugraradha Shanthi, Bema ratha shanthi.
Vijayaratha shanthi, Roudhri ratha shanthi, kala swaroopa showri shanti, Tharayampaka Mahaarathy Shanthi
The rituals carved out as part of Shanti are also referred to as Ugraradha Santi. Ugraradha is nothing but the harsh natured time. In a hundred-year time scale of man's life, pre-sixty is a period of materialistic pursuit while the post-sixty span is slated for spiritual endeavor. The Ugraradha Shanti is a prayer sent to the heavens to make the post-sixty span a spiritually fulfilling experience.
Three different ways are chiseled to carry out the Santi aspect. They are "Sounakoktam, Bodhaayanoktam and Saivaagamoktam."
The basic elements of these three ways remain the same, though the contents vary marginally. Of all, Saivaagamokta Shanti is very elaborate and ritual-laden. Given its exhaustive scope of rituals, only a limited few like the kings and the emperors can follow it in toto, though it is not entirely ruled out for devout householders.
Shanti Celebrated at age of
The Shanthi should be performed in the same year, month and on the same day of the birth according to the Indian Zodiac
This is considered to be the best option. In case it is not possible to time it exactly on the same day, allowance is given to perform it on a convenient day during and before the completion of sixtieth year.
The choice of the place to carry out this programme could be a pilgrim town, a temple, a river bank or even a householder’s residence.
After the successful completion of the "Shanti" programme, the Kranthi programme follows in which "Kalyaanam" is very important. "Kranthi" means "to step ahead" and signifies heading towards a new life.
"Shastipoorti” is a good bridge - builder between the householder's domestic concerns and Vaanaprasta's spiritual yearnings. During Vaanaprastha, the married couple is to fulfill their life's mission by staying together through observance of celibacy. The "Kalyaana Veduka" is a reminder of the unique role they are to play in the years to come. Marriage in the younger days promises physical proximity, while the one performed now brings about spiritual affinity.
Thus the Shanti - Kranthi aspects, which run through the "Shastipoorthi" celebrations provide a fusion of spiritual and social obligations which are the very bed rock the Indian culture.
This ceremony should be performed as per Guru and elderly person’s instructions. Generally this ceremony is Two days programme. The ceremony is commenced in Shubha Muhurutham by performing "Yamuna Pooja", followed by the "Ganga Pooja", "Ishta Devatha Vandana", "Sabha Vandana", "Punyaha with Panchagaavya Sevana", "Nandi Pooja", "Ruthwikgvarana" and Kalasha Sthapana."
Kalasha sthapana of the deities - "Maha Ganapathi", "Adithyadhi Navagraha", "Mrutunjaya","Samvatsara-Aayana-Ruthu-Maasa-Paksha-Yoga devatha", "Karana devatha", "Raashyadhipathi (pathi and pathni)", "Navadurga", "Sapthama Maru Devatha", "Dwadasa Aditya - Dhata, Aryama, Mitra, Varuna, Indra, Vivasvan, Tvashtha, Vishnu, Amshuman, Bhaga, Pusha and Parjanja", "Ayurdevatha, Istadevatha,Kuladevatha". Next Avaahana-Praana Pratishtapanam, Shodashopachara Pooja,
Mahamangalaarathi, Navagraha and Ganapati Homam.
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